Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer
High-efficiency, high-strength double-enveloping worm reducer
Low friction coefficient upon the gearing for high efficiency.
Powered by long-lasting worm gears.
Minimum speed fluctuation with low noise and low vibration.
Lightweight and compact relative to its high load capacity.
The structural strength of our cast iron, Heavy-duty Correct angle (HdR) series worm gearbox is because of how we dual up the bearings on the input shaft. HdR series reducers can be found in speed ratios ranging from 5:1 to 60:1 with imperial center distances ranging from 1.33 to 3.25 inches. Also, our gearboxes are supplied with a brass springtime loaded breather connect and come pre-stuffed with Mobil SHC634 synthetic gear oil.
Hypoid vs. Worm Gears: A FAR MORE AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
Worm reducers have already been the go-to alternative for right-angle power tranny for generations. Touted because of their low-cost and robust construction, worm reducers can be
found in nearly every industrial establishing requiring this type of transmission. Sadly, they are inefﬁcient at slower speeds and higher reductions, produce a lot of temperature, take up a lot of space, and need regular maintenance.
Fortunately, there is an option to worm gear models: the hypoid gear. Typically found in auto applications, gearmotor businesses have begun integrating hypoid gearing into right-position gearmotors to solve the issues that arise with worm reducers. Available in smaller overall sizes and higher decrease potential, hypoid gearmotors possess a broader range of possible uses than their worm counterparts. This not only enables heavier torque loads to become transferred at higher efﬁciencies, but it opens possibilities for applications where space can be a limiting factor. They are able to sometimes be costlier, but the cost savings in efﬁciency and maintenance are well worth it.
The next analysis is targeted towards engineers specifying worm gearmotors in the number of 1/50 to 3 horsepower, and in applications where speed and torque are controlled.
Just how do Worm Gears and Hypoid Gears Differ?
In a worm gear established there are two components: the input worm, and the output worm gear. The worm is certainly a screw-like equipment, that rotates perpendicular to its corresponding worm equipment (Figure 1). For instance, in a worm gearbox with a 5:1 ratio, the worm will complete ﬁve revolutions as the output worm equipment is only going to complete one. With an Gearbox Worm Drive increased ratio, for example 60:1, the worm will finish 60 revolutions per one output revolution. It really is this fundamental arrangement that causes the inefﬁciencies in worm reducers.
Worm Gear Set
To rotate the worm equipment, the worm only encounters sliding friction. There is no rolling element of the tooth contact (Shape 2).
In high reduction applications, such as for example 60:1, there will be a sizable amount of sliding friction because of the lot of input revolutions necessary to spin the output gear once. Low input velocity applications have problems with the same friction problem, but for a different reason. Since there is a large amount of tooth contact, the initial energy to begin rotation is greater than that of a similar hypoid reducer. When driven at low speeds, the worm needs more energy to continue its motion along the worm gear, and a lot of that energy is lost to friction.
Hypoid versus. Worm Gears: A FAR MORE AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
On the other hand, hypoid gear sets consist of the input hypoid equipment, and the output hypoid bevel equipment (Figure 3).
Hypoid Gear Set
The hypoid gear arranged is a hybrid of bevel and worm gear technologies. They experience friction losses due to the meshing of the gear teeth, with reduced sliding included. These losses are minimized using the hypoid tooth design which allows torque to be transferred smoothly and evenly across the interfacing surfaces. This is what provides hypoid reducer a mechanical benefit over worm reducers.
How Much Does Performance Actually Differ?
One of the biggest complications posed by worm equipment sets is their insufficient efﬁciency, chieﬂy at high reductions and low speeds. Typical efﬁciencies may differ from 40% to 85% for ratios of 60:1 to 10:1 respectively. Conversely, hypoid gear sets are usually 95% to 99% efﬁcient (Figure 4).
Worm vs Hypoid Efficiency
Regarding worm gear sets, they do not run at peak efﬁciency until a specific “break-in” period has occurred. Worms are typically made of steel, with the worm gear being made of bronze. Since bronze is definitely a softer metal it is good at absorbing large shock loads but will not operate effectively until it’s been work-hardened. The high temperature generated from the friction of regular working conditions helps to harden the top of worm gear.
With hypoid gear pieces, there is no “break-in” period; they are typically made from steel which has recently been carbonitride warmth treated. This allows the drive to use at peak efﬁciency from the moment it is installed.
How come Efficiency Important?
Efﬁciency is among the most important things to consider whenever choosing a gearmotor. Since many have a very long service existence, choosing a high-efﬁciency reducer will reduce costs related to procedure and maintenance for years to arrive. Additionally, a far more efﬁcient reducer permits better reduction capability and utilization of a motor that
consumes less electrical energy. One stage worm reducers are usually limited to ratios of 5:1 to 60:1, while hypoid gears have a reduction potential of 5:1 up to 120:1. Typically, hypoid gears themselves only go up to reduction ratios of 10:1, and the additional reduction is provided by another type of gearing, such as for example helical.
Hypoid drives can have a higher upfront cost than worm drives. This can be attributed to the additional processing techniques required to produce hypoid gearing such as for example machining, heat treatment, and special grinding methods. Additionally, hypoid gearboxes typically use grease with extreme pressure additives rather than oil that will incur higher costs. This price difference is made up for over the duration of the gearmotor because of increased performance and reduced maintenance.
A higher efﬁciency hypoid reducer will ultimately waste much less energy and maximize the energy becoming transferred from the electric motor to the driven shaft. Friction is certainly wasted energy that takes the form of heat. Since worm gears create more friction they run much hotter. In many cases, utilizing a hypoid reducer eliminates the need for cooling ﬁns on the engine casing, further reducing maintenance costs that might be required to keep carefully the ﬁns clean and dissipating heat properly. A assessment of motor surface area temperature between worm and hypoid gearmotors are available in Figure 5.
In testing both gearmotors had equally sized motors and carried the same load; the worm gearmotor created 133 in-lb of torque while the hypoid gearmotor created 204 in-lb of torque. This difference in torque is because of the inefﬁciencies of the worm reducer. The electric motor surface area temperature of both models began at 68°F, room temperature. After 100 a few minutes of operating period, the temperature of both devices started to level off, concluding the check. The difference in temperature at this point was significant: the worm device reached a surface area temperature of 151.4°F, as the hypoid unit just reached 125.0°F. A notable difference of about 26.4°F. Despite becoming run by the same motor, the worm unit not only produced less torque, but also wasted more energy. Important thing, this can lead to a much heftier electrical expenses for worm users.
As previously stated and proven, worm reducers run much hotter than equivalently rated hypoid reducers. This reduces the service life of the drives by placing extra thermal pressure on the lubrication, bearings, seals, and gears. After long-term exposure to high heat, these parts can fail, and essential oil changes are imminent because of lubrication degradation.
Since hypoid reducers operate cooler, there is little to no maintenance necessary to keep them working at peak performance. Oil lubrication is not required: the cooling potential of grease will do to guarantee the reducer will run effectively. This eliminates the necessity for breather holes and any mounting constraints posed by essential oil lubricated systems. It is also not necessary to displace lubricant because the grease is intended to last the life time utilization of the gearmotor, getting rid of downtime and increasing efficiency.
More Power in a Smaller Package
Smaller sized motors can be utilized in hypoid gearmotors due to the more efﬁcient transfer of energy through the gearbox. In some instances, a 1 horsepower motor traveling a worm reducer can generate the same output as a comparable 1/2 horsepower motor driving a hypoid reducer. In a single study by Nissei Company, both a worm and hypoid reducer were compared for use on an equivalent app. This research ﬁxed the reduction ratio of both gearboxes to 60:1 and compared engine power and output torque as it linked to power drawn. The analysis figured a 1/2 HP hypoid gearmotor can be utilized to provide similar functionality to a 1 HP worm gearmotor, at a fraction of the electrical price. A ﬁnal result displaying a evaluation of torque and power consumption was prepared (Figure 6).
Worm vs Hypoid Power Consumption
With this decrease in engine size, comes the benefit to use these drives in more applications where space is a constraint. Because of the method the axes of the gears intersect, worm gears consider up more space than hypoid gears (Figure 7).
Worm vs Hypoid Axes
Coupled with the capability to use a smaller motor, the overall footprint of the hypoid gearmotor is a lot smaller sized than that of a comparable worm gearmotor. This also makes working conditions safer since smaller sized gearmotors pose a lower threat of interference (Figure 8).
Worm vs Hypoid Footprint Compairson
Another beneﬁt of hypoid gearmotors is certainly they are symmetrical along their centerline (Number 9). Worm gearmotors are asymmetrical and result in machines that are not as aesthetically satisfying and limit the amount of possible mounting positions.
Worm vs Hypoid Shape Comparison
In motors of equal power, hypoid drives much outperform their worm counterparts. One essential requirement to consider is that hypoid reducers can move loads from a lifeless stop with more relieve than worm reducers (Shape 10).
Worm vs Hypoid Allowable Inertia
Additionally, hypoid gearmotors can transfer substantially more torque than worm gearmotors over a 30:1 ratio due to their higher efﬁciency (Figure 11).
Worm vs Hypoid Output Torque
Both comparisons, of allowable inertia and torque produced, were performed using equally sized motors with both hypoid and worm reducers. The results in both studies are clear: hypoid reducers transfer power better.
The Hypoid Gear Advantage
As proven throughout, the benefits of hypoid reducers speak for themselves. Their design allows them to run more efﬁciently, cooler, and offer higher reduction ratios in comparison with worm reducers. As verified using the studies presented throughout, hypoid gearmotors can handle higher initial inertia loads and transfer more torque with a smaller motor when compared to a comparable worm gearmotor.
This can result in upfront savings by allowing an individual to purchase a smaller motor, and long-term savings in electrical and maintenance costs.
This also allows hypoid gearmotors to be a better option in space-constrained applications. As shown, the overall footprint and symmetric design of hypoid gearmotors produces a far more aesthetically pleasing style while improving workplace safety; with smaller sized, much less cumbersome gearmotors there exists a smaller chance of interference with workers or machinery. Obviously, hypoid gearmotors are the most suitable choice for long-term cost benefits and reliability in comparison to worm gearmotors.
Brother Gearmotors offers a family group of gearmotors that boost operational efﬁciencies and reduce maintenance needs and downtime. They offer premium efﬁciency models for long-term energy cost savings. Besides being highly efﬁcient, its hypoid/helical gearmotors are compact in proportions and sealed forever. They are light, reliable, and provide high torque at low swiftness unlike their worm counterparts. They are permanently sealed with an electrostatic coating for a high-quality ﬁnish that assures regularly tough, water-tight, chemically resistant systems that withstand harsh circumstances. These gearmotors also have multiple standard speciﬁcations, options, and mounting positions to make sure compatibility.
Material: 7005 aluminum gear box, SAE 841 bronze worm gear, 303/304 stainless steel worm
Weight: 105.5 g per gear box
Size: 64 mm x 32 mm x 32 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Gear Ratios: 4:1
Take note: The helical spur gear attaches to 4.7 mm D-shaft diameter. The worm equipment attaches to 6 mm or 4.7 mm D-shaft diameters.
Worm Gear Swiftness Reducers is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1.
8 Ratios Available from 5:1 to 60:1
7 Gear Box Sizes from 1.33 to 3.25″
Universally Interchangeable Style for OEM Replacement
Double Bearings Applied to Both Shaft Ends
Anti-Rust Primer Applied Outside and inside Gearbox
Shaft Sleeve Protects All Shafts
S45C Carbon Steel Shafts
Flange Mount Versions for 56C and 145TC Motors
Ever-Power A/S offers an extremely wide selection of worm gearboxes. Due to the modular design the typical program comprises countless combinations with regards to selection of gear housings, installation and connection choices, flanges, shaft designs, kind of oil, surface remedies etc.
Sturdy and reliable
The design of the EP worm gearbox is simple and well proven. We only use high quality components such as houses in cast iron, aluminum and stainless steel, worms in case hardened and polished metal and worm wheels in high-grade bronze of special alloys ensuring the ideal wearability. The seals of the worm gearbox are provided with a dust lip which successfully resists dust and water. Furthermore, the gearboxes are greased forever with synthetic oil.
Large reduction 100:1 in one step
As default the worm gearboxes allow for reductions as high as 100:1 in one single step or 10.000:1 in a double reduction. An comparative gearing with the same equipment ratios and the same transferred power is bigger than a worm gearing. Meanwhile, the worm gearbox is certainly in a more simple design.
A double reduction could be composed of 2 regular gearboxes or as a special gearbox.
Maximum output torque
5:1 – 90:1
5:1 – 75:1
7:1 – 60:1
7:1 – 100:1
7:1 – 60:1
7:1 – 100:1
Other product benefits of worm gearboxes in the EP-Series:
Compact design is one of the key words of the standard gearboxes of the EP-Series. Further optimisation may be accomplished by using adapted gearboxes or unique gearboxes.
Our worm gearboxes and actuators are extremely quiet. This is because of the very soft running of the worm gear combined with the use of cast iron and high precision on element manufacturing and assembly. Regarding the our precision gearboxes, we consider extra care of any sound which can be interpreted as a murmur from the apparatus. Therefore the general noise degree of our gearbox is usually reduced to an absolute minimum.
On the worm gearbox the input shaft and output shaft are perpendicular to one another. This frequently proves to be a decisive benefit producing the incorporation of the gearbox considerably simpler and smaller sized.The worm gearbox can be an angle gear. This is an edge for incorporation into constructions.
Solid bearings in solid housing
The output shaft of the EP worm gearbox is quite firmly embedded in the gear house and is perfect for immediate suspension for wheels, movable arms and other parts rather than having to build a separate suspension.
For larger equipment ratios, Ever-Power worm gearboxes provides a self-locking impact, which in lots of situations can be used as brake or as extra security. Also spindle gearboxes with a trapezoidal spindle are self-locking, making them ideal for an array of solutions.
Gearbox Worm Drive
Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer